Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU)Journal of Computational & Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering (JCARME)2228-79225220160303Effects of thermal diffusion and chemical reaction on MHD transient free convection flow past a porous vertical plate with radiation, temperature gradient dependent heat source in slip flow regime839542210.22061/jcarme.2016.422ENS.Mohammed IbrahimDepartment of Mathematics, Gitam Institute of Technology, GITAM University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh – 530045, IndiaK.SuneethaDepartment of Mathematics, Priyadarshini College of Engineering and Technology, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh- 524004, IndiaJournal Article20150318An analytical investigation is conducted to study the unsteady free convection heat and mass transfer flow through a non-homogeneous porous medium with variable permeability bounded by an infinite porous vertical plate in slip flow regime while taking into account the thermal radiation, chemical reaction, the Soret number, and temperature gradient dependent heat source. The flow is considered under the influence of magnetic field applied normal to the flow. Approximate solutions for velocity, temperature, and concentration fields are obtained using perturbation technique. The expressions for skin-friction, rate of heat transfer, and rate of mass transfer are also derived. The effects of various physical parameters, encountered in the problem, on the velocity field, temperature field, and concentration field are numerically shown through graphs, while the effects on skin-friction, rate of heat, and mass transfer are numerically discussed by tables.https://jcarme.sru.ac.ir/article_422_dc54a80d524703502b255778f5930c66.pdfShahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU)Journal of Computational & Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering (JCARME)2228-79225220160303Effects of temperature gradient magnitude on bending angle in laser forming process of aluminium alloy sheets9710942310.22061/jcarme.2016.423ENAmir H.RoohiDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, I.R. IranH.Moslemi NaeiniDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O.Box 14115/143, Tehran, I.R. IranM.Hoseinpour GolloDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU), Lavizan, Tehran, IranJ.Shahbazi KaramiDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU), Lavizan, Tehran, IranSh.Imani ShahabadDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, I.R. IranJournal Article20150926<span>Laser forming is a thermal forming process which uses laser beam irradiation to produce the desired final forms. In this article, the effect of temperature gradient across Al 6061-T6 aluminum sheets on bending angle is studied. Input parameters including laser power, scan velocity, beam diameter, and sheet thickness are the effective process parameters which influence the temperature gradient. Thus, a set of 81 numerical simulations based on a full factorial design with varying parameters is carried out and temperature gradient across the sheet thickness is measured. Effects of each input parameter on temperature gradient are determined using analysis of variance. Also, an equation is derived </span><span>which</span><span> predicts the temperature gradient for any arbitrary input parameter. The </span><span>validity of the equation is done by comparing actual and predicted results. Numerical simulation is validated by experimental tests, which show a very close agreement. </span><span>Finally, the effects of temperature gradient for three different sheet thicknesses on a final bending angle are derived. Results demonstrate that increase in temperature gradient across sheet thickness leads to increase in bending angle.</span>https://jcarme.sru.ac.ir/article_423_96af65dd3a06c6c26d177d669c8b5084.pdfShahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU)Journal of Computational & Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering (JCARME)2228-79225220160303Diffusion-thermo effects on MHD free convective radiative and chemically reactive boundary layer flow through a porous medium over a vertical plate11112642910.22061/jcarme.2016.429ENJ.PrakashDepartment of Mathematics, University of Botswana, Private Bag 0022, Gaborone, BotswanaP.Durga PrasadDepartmentof Mathematics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati – 517502, A. P., IndiaR. V. M. S. S.Kiran KumarDepartmentof Mathematics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati – 517502, A. P., IndiaS. V. K.VarmaDepartmentof Mathematics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati – 517502, A. P., IndiaJournal Article20151001The main purpose of this work is to investigate the porous medium and diffusion-thermo effects on unsteady combined convection magneto hydrodynamics boundary layer flow of viscous electrically conducting fluid over a vertical permeable surface embedded in a high porous medium, in the presence of first order chemical reaction and thermal radiation. The slip boundary condition is applied at the porous interface. A uniform Magnetic field is applied normal to the direction of the fluid flow. The non-linear coupled partial differential equation are solved by perturbation method and obtained the expressions for concentration, temperature and velocity fields. The rate of mass transfer in terms of Sherwood number , the rate of heat transfer in terms of Nusselt number and the Skin friction coefficient are also derived. The Profiles of fluid flow quantities for various values of physical parameters are presented and analyzed. Profiles of fluid flow quantities for various values of physical parameters are presented and analyzed.https://jcarme.sru.ac.ir/article_429_04ef9f3109abd6b57c40ff522e8630a0.pdfShahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU)Journal of Computational & Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering (JCARME)2228-79225220160303Estimating the unknown heat flux on the wall of a heat exchanger internal tube using inverse method12713643010.22061/jcarme.2016.430ENM. Sh.MazidiOptimization and Development of Energy Technologies Division, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), Tehran, IranM.AlizadehSchool of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran, IranL.NourpourSchool of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran, IranV.Shojaee ShalSchool of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran, IranJournal Article20150414In the design of heat exchangers, it is necessary to determine the heat transfer rate between hot and cold fluids in order to calculate the overall heat transfer coefficient and the heat exchanger efficiency. Heat transfer rate can be determined by inverse methods. In this study, the unknown space-time dependent heat flux imposed on the wall of a heat exchanger internal tube is estimated by applying an inverse method and simulated temperature measurements at the specified points in the flow field. It is supposed that no prior information is available on the variation of the unknown heat flux function. Variable metric method which belongs to the function estimation approach is utilized to predicate the unknown function by minimizing an objective function. Four versions of the presented inverse method, named DFP, BFGS, SR1, and Biggs, are used to solve the problem and the results obtained by each version are compared. The estimation of the heat flux depends on the location of the sensor and the uncertainties associated with temperature measurements. The influence of each factor is investigated in this paper. Results show that variable metric method is a rapid and precise technique for estimating unknown boundary conditions in inverse heat convection problems.https://jcarme.sru.ac.ir/article_430_a6917f16c485d661872acdb016ef3ec6.pdfShahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU)Journal of Computational & Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering (JCARME)2228-79225220160303Optimizing naturally driven air flow in a vertical pipe by changing the intensity and location of the wall heat flux13714543110.22061/jcarme.2016.431ENM.RahimiFaculty of Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, IranM.Khalafi-SaloutFaculty of Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, IranJournal Article20150125Heat transfer from the internal surfaces of a vertical pipe to the adjacent air gives rise to the air flow establishment within the pipe. With the aim of optimizing the convective air flow rate in a vertical pipe, the details of the flow and thermal fields were investigated in the present study. Conservation equations of mass, momentum, and energy were solved numerically using simple implicit forward-marching finite difference scheme for a two-dimensional axis-symmetric flow. In order to evaluate and optimize the air flow rate passing through the pipe, the position and intensity of the wall heat flux were altered when the total employed heat transfer rate was constant. Based on the results of the numerical analysis, relatively more air flow rate was achieved when more intensified heat flux was employed at the lowest part of the vertical pipe. This finding was then validated using a simple experimental setup. The results of the present study could be useful in the design and application of buoyancy-assisted natural ventilation systems.https://jcarme.sru.ac.ir/article_431_688fb1330c938186598b391325d8c427.pdfShahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU)Journal of Computational & Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering (JCARME)2228-79225220160303Incompressible laminar flow computations by an upwind least-squares meshless method14716043210.22061/jcarme.2016.432ENM. Y.HashemiDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, 53751-71379, IranJournal Article20150107In this paper, the laminar incompressible flow equations are solved by an upwind least-squares meshless method. Due to the difficulties in generating quality meshes, particularly in complex geometries, a meshless method is increasingly used as a new numerical tool. The meshless methods only use clouds of nodes to influence the domain of every node. Thus, they do not require the nodes to be connected to form a mesh and decrease the difficulty of meshing, particularly around complex geometries. In the literature, it has been shown that the generation of points in a domain by the advancing front technique is an order of magnitude faster than the unstructured mesh for a 3D configuration. The Navier–Stokes solver is based on the artificial compressibility approach and the numerical methodology is based on the higher-order characteristic-based (CB) discretization. The main objective of this research is to use the CB scheme in order to prevent instabilities. Using this inherent upwind technique for estimating convection variables at the mid-point, no artificial viscosity is required at high Reynolds number. The Taylor least-squares method was used for the calculation of spatial derivatives with normalized Gaussian weight functions. An explicit four-stage Runge-Kutta scheme with modified coefficients was used for the discretized equations. To accelerate convergence, local time stepping was used in any explicit iteration for steady state test cases and the residual smoothing techniques were used to converge acceleration. The capabilities of the developed 2D incompressible Navier-Stokes code with the proposed meshless method were demonstrated by flow computations in a lid-driven cavity at four Reynolds numbers. The obtained results using the new proposed scheme indicated a good agreement with the standard benchmark solutions in the literature. It was found that using the third order accuracy for the proposed method could be more efficient than its second order accuracy discretization in terms of computational time.https://jcarme.sru.ac.ir/article_432_5eec6c80624800536b3d9975a66ebad4.pdfShahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU)Journal of Computational & Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering (JCARME)2228-79225220160303A study on the use of perturbation technique for analyzing the nonlinear forced response of piezoelectric microcantilevers16117243310.22061/jcarme.2016.433ENM.ZamanianDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kharazmi University, P.O. Box 15719-14911, Tehran, IranM.HadiluDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kharazmi University, P.O. Box 15719-14911, Tehran, IranB.FirouziDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kharazmi University, P.O. Box 15719-14911, Tehran, IranJournal Article20151010In this paper, a comparison is made between direct and indirect perturbation approaches to solve the non-linear vibration equations of a piezoelectrically actuated cantilever microbeam. In this comparison, the equation of motion is considered according to Euler-Bernoulli theory with considering the non-linear geometric and inertia terms resulted from shortening effect. In the direct perturbation approach, the multiple scales method is directly applied to the partial differential equation of motion. In the indirect approach, the multiple scales perturbation technique is applied to the discretized equation of motion. It is shown that, if the equation of motion is discretized using one non-uniform microbeam mode shape as a comparison function, then the results of indirect perturbation approach will be identical to those of the direct perturbation approach. Moreover, it is observed that discretization using one uniform microbeam mode shape as a comparison function results in a different output. The concept of non-uniform microbeam mode shape is the linear mode shape of the microbeam by considering the geometric and inertia effects of the piezoelectric layer. https://jcarme.sru.ac.ir/article_433_a9f02e909d02ce8cab4c310656f777e4.pdf