Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Tehran, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, P.O.B. 16785136, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tehran, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, P.O.B. 16785136, Iran

Abstract

To maintain the stability trajectory of vehicles under critical driving conditions, anti lock-anti skid controllers, consisting of four anti-lock sub-controllers for each wheel and two anti-skid sub-controllers for left and right pair wheels have been separately designed. Wheel and body systems have been simulated with seven degrees of freedom to evaluate the proper functioning of controllers. Anti-lock controllers control brake torque through persistent monitoring of wheels velocity and acceleration and prevent them from locking up by cutting and releasing the brake fluid flow into wheel brake cylinder. On the other hand, anti-skid controllers have been designed in order to maintain the vehicle along a stable trajectory, calculated from the stable spin theory, and to monitor the vehicle’s trajectory during braking. This controller maintains the vehicle along the desirable trajectory by monitoring vehicle yaw angle and comparing it with the reference yaw angle, and also by adjusting the level of brake fluid input into each wheel’s caliper, and subsequently by adjusting brake torque. At the end of the current research, the use of yaw rate control input in place of yaw angle control input in anti-skid controllers has been suggested through a comparative analysis.

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