Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

Abstract

Hydrodynamic of a turbulent impinging jet on a flat plate has been studied experimentally and numerically. Experiments were conducted for the Reynolds number range of 72000 to 102000 and a fixed jet-to-plate dimensionless distance of H/d=3.5. Based on the experimental setup, a multi-phase numerical model was simulated to predict flow properties of impinging jets using two turbulent models. Mesh-independency of the numerical model was studied to ensure the preciseness of results. Numerical and experimental forces on the target plate were compared to examine performance of turbulent models and wall functions. As a result, the force obtained by the Reynolds stress turbulent model alongside with non-equilibrium wall function was in good agreement with the experiment. The correlation equations were obtained for predicting the water thickness over the target plate and impingement force versus Reynolds number. It was also indicated that the maximum shear stress on the target plate was located at radial dimensionless distance of r/d=0.75.

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