Document Type : Research Paper


1 Hydraulic, Technology, University of Batna2, Batna, Algeria.

2 hydraulic, technology, university of batna2, batna, algeria.

3 Ecole Nationale supérieure des arts et métiers, Paris- France.



< p>The paper investigates temperature effect on water hammer in an isothermal pressurized copper pipe rig, for single and two phase flow. The study concerns pressure wave’s intensity, celerity and attenuation. Also, the cavities volume created during low pressure periods is inspected. The mathematical model of hyperbolic equations is described by the dynamic and continuity equations, which have been transformed by the characteristics method (MOC) into ordinary differential equations. Water hammer solver was built considering two different models of cavitation and column separation, the discrete vapor cavity model (DVCM) and the discrete gas cavity model (DGCM). In addition of the quasi-steady friction model, two unsteady friction models were incorporated into the code, the convolution based model proposed by Vardy & Brown and the instantaneous acceleration model proposed by Brunone. The simulations concern temperature range within 4°C to 95°C. Although the single and the two phase water hammer don’t behave with the same manner, the results obtained with the different models, show a significant influence of the temperature.

Graphical Abstract

Numerical investigation of temperature effect on water hammer with cavitation in copper pipe rig


Main Subjects