In-situ composites have gained the attention of worldwide researchers in the interest of their greater mechanical properties at the lower reinforcement ratio. Controlling the surface quality of components is a paramount task in the grinding process in order to withstand the creep and fatigue load at service conditions. The current effort is intended to examine the mechanism of surface generation in grinding AA6061-TiB2/ZrB2 in-situ composite under different reinforcement ratios, grinding parameters, and wheel materials. The analysis of results indicates that the grinding of the unreinforced alloy is complicated than the composites. Diamond wheel yields superior performance by generating lesser surface roughness and subsurface hardness at all grinding conditions. Among the various grinding parameters, grinding speed and grinding depth are more sensitive than other parameters. This experimental investigation helps to control the surface roughness and subsurface at various grinding conditions.